Progress and Technology

In this section we develop the part of the manifesto concerned with lifestyle, as it relates to orientations to decide upon for the national economy, industry, and the correct attitude to have regards to technological progress, for the good of the individual and that of the State.

Changing Economy

Work Creates Wealth

National-naturalism considers it more important to rescue our complete physical, emotional and mental capacities, than economics, which are mostly a technical issue that Nazi Germany handled as secondary compared to the ideological and racial strife, and is comparatively easy to solve.

Successful economies in history have always been mixed, even the highest merchant republic - if they were to thrive - would regulate business and manufactures heavily, to assure social harmony and the interest of the State, to secure the conditions for durable, sustainable economic growth. They understood very well that lasting gains require honesty and trust. A good capitalist can not be purely materialist or obsessed by money, as it would be the best way to lose it all.

The level of collectivism, be it centrally directed or down to various levels of local community has changed from period to period for a single country, or between cultures. Inspired countries have practiced all these and fared quite well1. The range of possible pro-genetic economic models are large, almost all-encompassing. Because the human factor, charisma, is paramount. This, plus some basic common sense ensured the success of all good regimes throughout time. Regulations, planification and the administrative (representing public interests) direction of the means of production have always existed, even in the most liberal or minimalist State.

The three main problems with the Soviet planned economy were:

The more complex and bureaucratic an institution the less efficient it is. But much of this complication came from an overarching central command, making no organizational sense. Administration should be decentralized as much as possible, instead of reflecting global social distrust and the compulsive need of a paranoid State to control its people.

But the innermost driving force of this historical failure was Soviet’s dialectical materialism. It’s Marxism or Judaism. No soul could be thought to exist hence no aspiration could be born from it, accelerating the rise of individualism or nihilism. As the cement to a lasting connection to a greater community is true love, notoriously absent from communist thought2.

The new world order should be based on nature, and everyone would integrate in it like bees as in a country-sized beehive. Which is not to say that the usual freedom of circulation, purchase and expression would disappear as in Stalinist regimes: a State whose public sector fails to provide all the goods expected from consumers, let alone cater for spiritual needs, should not attempt to substitute itself to the private sector lest people grow resentful, degenerate and beliefs in the ideals die.
If communism demonstrated that socializing the means of production fails when enthusiasm lacks and the leadership has no soul, on the other hand National-socialism discovered that a sound people possessed by a true idea and unfettered by past ideologies, will naturally find a working balance between collectivism and liberalism fitting the circumstances and availability of resources. A people loving their Führer and trusting in the future, will work with morality and reflect this in its laws, whether as public servants, serfs, factory workers or industry tycoons3.

But command economies still suffer from this problem of people’s changing needs and wishes. It is true that predicting them, especially in the long term, has proved a daunting task at the very least, as individual desires seem intrinsically fickle.
The reason behind this constant need for innovation and novelties, lies mostly behind an inner spiritual and erotic dissatisfaction. True spiritual nourishment increases social and cultural stability, leading not to stagnation but to equilibrium, a slow pace of change reflecting the real mutual adaptation of people and their environment throughout a time span of up to tens of millennia instead of being dictated by a neurotic psyche.
Social habits and needs should stem from blood. Socialization of people, and their gradual rise in intelligence and spiritual affinity will establish an uniformity of material culture, simplifying predictions and planification considerably.

About Competition

Experience proved even in Germany the danger of competition as an organizing principle, especially in war times.

Yet war itself, be it physical or ideological, is the only condition the national-naturalist State will ever know for the longest time, until its purpose - to conquer the world and save it from subhumanity - has been achieved.

The most intuitive behavior for a tightly knit community, is to share strengths, instead of hoarding resources and information to backstab one another at the first occasion. We are not interested in an ethnostate united only against outsiders, but divided among ourselves. This is the Israeli model, not ours.

Liberalism - the purest form of capitalism - supposes an open and fluid market with little initial investment and many producers, with the possibility of becoming one themselves in absence of satisfying options. Those conditions are all invalidated in today’s economies. Markets creating the most values in our society - namely, industries - are highly granular with enormous initial investments to enter them, and often requires a long training or education necessitating a life-long career choice.

Primitive societies alike share everything within family groups or clans, and engage in barter with other tribes depending on affinities and extended family ties. Later on money appeared, and with it the possibility (or rather, the increased ease) of speculation, profiting. This, gaining more than you offered in exchange, is the root of evil in the capitalist system. Trade without speculation is possible, but still relates to a state of mind irreconcilable with loving your competitors, whose prosperity directly undermines yours. Competition, when associated with material gains, leads to resentment and is thus immoral4.

As Sturgeon said:

I told him, all the same, he could get a lot higher prices for the little he did trade. He just laughed a little and shook his head. You have to pay for what you get or it’s no good. If you Trade well, as you call it, you finish with more than you started with; you didn’t pay. That’s as unnatural as energy levels going from lesser to greater, it’s contrary to ecology and entropy. Then he said, You don’t understand that. I didn’t and I don’t.

Within a family, socialism is the most natural model. Our State is the racial family, hence citizens should collaborate, to meet a given production volume/quality. This was incidentally the principle of medieval corporations: competition had a place though, but it was a competition over quality, emulation and innovation in its most beautiful form: the collective interest of the workers (including the apprentices) and the difficulty of becoming a master testified of their skills. Far from a free for all, thanks to an enormous wealth stored collectively institutions ensured a decent living for a decent work, as well as a mandatory welfare system before nation-states existed.

On the other hand the unregulated pursuit of one’s own selfish interest brought about the general dumbing down of products behind the back of consumers, the eternal incentive to skim a few bucks on security measures and workers’ legitimate income, programmed obsolescence and relinquishment of quality standards in favor of a global scale mass production.

The only way to once again promote durable products lasting centuries, using costly materials and fair working conditions, is heavy State intervention, directly or in a manner delegated to authorities, the self-government of trusted craftsmen and craftswomen, working hand in hand with the central authority.
Such social bodies would educate producers and subsidize their investment in better materials and machines. They would provide both the human and financial capital, to elevate producers to the level of contributing himself to said body, through dues and his accumulated experiences.

Public supervision of all the production process and absence of real competition will lower prices without the fear of unforeseen and capricious economic conjectures threatening producers. Because individual economic actors know very little about all others in free market societies, especially about competitors, under capitalism making predictions and sound investments for the future is a needlessly impossible guesswork, leaving behind many small companies and independent workers behind if not on the street, while the control of production will allow for efficient long-term allocation of resources (both human and material).

The patent system is the most perfect and worst example of the capitalistic mindset. Inventions and methods hoarded for profit and out of distrust for each other, instead of freely shared in order for all to learn the lessons of each other’s efforts ! The aptest analogy in biology would be cancerous cells characterized by their theft of common resources and refusal to communicate normally with others.

The invisible hand of the market would naturally cause unknowing consumers to seek the cheapest products, all too eager to rationalize their choice, while producers will seek to make the most of the smallest investment, at the price of quality. Creating a pressure on all producers toward lowering the norm save for losing its market share, and quickly consumers can not find good products anymore. Hence for an accelerated uniformization of food quality and a degree of ecological compliance the State needs in all matters of production - norms3.

Free markets also supposes that buyers make rational choices and that the information on the market is freely available. This couldn’t be further from the truth. Sellers do not want to spill the beans on their dirty secrets, nor divulge commercial or industrial secrets to their competitors.
It also supposes buyers can understand the finer technical qualities and inner working of their products, instead they only grossly know what its supposed to be, based on advertisements. Yet this expert knowledge should be necessary to impact the market’s future evolution in a sense aligned with producers’ and consumers interests.
Many technical markets such as computers or programming languages, would have followed very different paths in their international standards or industrial deployment norms. In order to cause the adoption of sound standards and architectures that benefit everyone and future growth, under current conditions millions of consumers would have to become experts to pressure the market in the right direction.

Good ol’ tireless landa !
Picture of an old soviet Landa car

With erotic energy, we discover material necessity and hardships are not the only drives impulsing creativity and hard work, nor the best. Such a belief demonstrates a fundamental materialistic misconception. Absence of information is never an enticement to innovate, on the contrary it leads to trying the same obvious dead-ends again and again. Hence Information and all sorts of digital property should always be free and open.
The end of programmed obsolescence shall bring back high-quality utilities and equipment, such as cars lasting 50 years and being easy to repair.

The Degenerative Power of agriculture

The adoption of cultivation of cereals has lowered our intelligence: modern agriculture only amplified this trend. A single man plowing a desolate field with his tractor to produce a monoculture crop, itself used to make degenerate processed foods to feed the equally degenerate masses, eroding the overall genetic quality of humanity generation by generation.

Human nutrition must be varied and free from processing as the one of our ape cousins, and the only type of cultivation that aligns with our nutritional needs would be an agriculture that isn’t based on plowing the fields to sow soil eroding monocrops, but a type of agriculture based on the cultivation of foods that we are adapted to eating, such as various fruit trees and vegetables instead of grains and legumes.

This need to revolutionize the food production sector also provides a solution to the inflated tertiary sector and consumer culture, by conveniently shifting a large part of the workforce to the primary sector. This should suffice to absorb more than the majority of the population’s workforce for the first generations, even motivating further demographic growth. Along with military defense (as well as energy production for strategic purpose), putting most people back to growing whole forests to revitalize agricultural lands might very well become the main occupation and source of wealth creation.

It will also foster a culture of self-sufficiency and local resilience (a strategic value of paramount importance in case of war or any situation of stretching resources). Each family will partake in the growing of victory gardens like those from WW2 as a social duty, except on a much bigger scale.

Quickly enough, these robust products will cause markets to dwindle so that a green capitalism based on perpetual growth doesn’t make any sense in the end: the only model or philosophy matching a modern but non-consumerist society at equilibrium (past the transition period) is essentially a command economy wherein main social investment not conducive to profits (or which no company of sane size could tackle anyways) are decided beforehand, while small details are sorted out on an as-needed basis, locally.

The industrial production sector itself needs revitalization as well. The fact much of it was outsourced to the third world is to play a positive role, giving us the opportunity to practically start anew.

We will build a thoroughly planned-out structure for our national industries in which we will incentivize those needs considered crucial for national security and social well-being, such as various tools needed for craftsmen, computational power, mechanization and automation, necessary consumer items, and most importantly the defense sector which should be the driving force behind the entire society.

Until now devaluations and inflation have been devised centrally (be it in the US, UK, or Brussels) to please capitalist interests of share-holders and bankers in order to ensure their continuous profiteering at the detriment of workers. We promote the opposite, the adoption of the National-Socialist financial system and money based on the work of a high-trust productive society. The more trust in one’s own intelligence and skills, the more luxury a Völk can allow itself, confidence in its capacity to compensate with more work or more production later on.

The unavoidable isolation of a renewed racist ethno-State, will find its solution in the formation of separate economic zones on the basis of barter and bilateral recognition of economic needs and values of national goods, between like-minded countries of similar lifestyle and capacities. As a good explanation of these mechanisms, we defer to an excellent book5.

Like Germany, we should regulate the volume and value of money until the people has been socialized and its lifestyle streamlined… simplified enough to permit the direct administrative control of more and more of the economy by local authorities, with people ultimately concentrated in garden-cities or otherwise self-sufficient units in harmony with their environment. Each community would maintain the level of technology of its liking. This type of national autarky will lead to much humbler individual needs and desires.

Even communists acknowledged the efficiency of that system, that basically National-Socialists did what they did, but made it work.

The state, which is simply the Nazi Party, is in control of everything. It controls investment, raw materials, rates of interest, working hours, wages. The factory owner still owns his factory, but he is for practical purposes reduced to the status of a manager. Everyone is in effect a state employee, though the salaries vary very greatly. The mere efficiency of such a system, the elimination of waste and obstruction is obvious. In seven years it has built up the most powerful war machine the world has ever seen.
George Orwell, 1941

In pre-Industrial society the primary (agricultural) sector of the economy was enough to service it almost in its entirety and plenty of people survived on basic subsistence farming, selling off any agricultural surplus to the small towns and cities.
Existing industries were negligible in proportion of population, though important politically and well regulated through joint cooperatives known as corporations and artisan guilds, mostly served the primary sector through the production of high-quality tools or weapons for the army.

However following the industrial revolution agriculture progressively transformed, farmers now no longer having to employ many labourers to service the fields manually. As a result a large bulk of the workforce slowly shifted towards industrial jobs, or suddenly, literally forcing their population into factories in the case of England, dramatically reducing their health and standard of living.

Photographs of child miners in England

The population divide of early capitalism would lead to an increasingly small minority of exploiters and an increasingly poor majority of exploited workers, an intrinsic dichotomy of capitalism that Marx (and a few others) saw clearly.
Industrialization also unleashed a wholly different beast unlike anything seen before, because the rise of manufacturing capabilities led to the first forms of consumerism, wherein the market started competing to service the ever changing (and often frivolous) consumer needs and desires through various products and gadgets.
This model was based on the expansion of a middle class both producing and consuming, giving some stability to the system from a sociological point of view.

But these trends proved chaotic and constantly shifting (trends rising and falling) due to mostly uncontrollable psychological factors, reducible to cooking and psychosexual frustration which we covered previously. From the end of World War II until the early seventies, the extension and intensification of liberalism had mirrored and accompanied in the West the increase in workers’ rights and purchasing power.

Wealth differentials between the different classes of people didn’t really change with centuries passing, arguably studies show society is more hierarchical, structured, immobile and unfair than at any time ever in history. So the relative wealth of the working class hasn’t really improved that much. But as far as the amount of goods we can acquire, absolute wealth skyrocketed. Most people are materially richer than 95% of the whole of society at any moment in history.

According to the Chinese Communist Party: A perfectly healthy water
Lots of dead fish surfacing on a Chinese lake
Depiction of chemical pollution in China

The rise of true evil however concurred only with the advent of our modern era, with the appearance of the interconnected and global economy, which suddenly created a peculiar situation in western countries, capitalists and oligarchs suddenly understood that the increased worker rights no longer allowed the same profit margins as before to be made, and for this reason they tapped into the huge workforce of the third world, suddenly shifting the bulk of our manufacturing capabilities to countries such as China and other Asian states considered undeveloped.

This entailed a complete disaster, as the already established environmental and worker protection laws present in the west were completely ignored in these countries, which led to the insane environmental damage in the form of heavy metal and microplastics pollution in the ocean, and extensive rainforests destruction we witness today, all endorsed or even encouraged so CEO Mr Bergstein could earn a few more shekels.

We want no coke on those lips,
but it sounds similar
Erotic woman

With the disappearance of a large part of the manufacturing sector the workforce suddenly had no options left but to further perpetuate the superficial consumer culture in other ways, and the tertiary sector arose, centered entirely around human services.

Suddenly white collar jobs in often frivolous administrative or otherwise useless professions contributing nothing to the common good[^Americans], became desirable for Europeans to obtain, many busy in financial manipulations done by those same corporations exploiting the industrial surplus of the third world, all while the bulk of the other human services jobs deemed less attractive (like those requiring actual physical activity: garbage men, plumbers, etc) had been given to migrants, justify our racial replacement because the lazy white man needs foreigners to do his dirty work.6 In order to fuel economic growth, consommation had be fostered artificially: the only solution for capitalists has been to manufacture artificial desires, preying on people’s frustration.

Global economy’s intricate interdependence called for the integration of the main currencies, based on the strength of each national economy, their political stability, and all kinds of indicators playing on the establishments of exchange rates through complicated mechanisms mostly escaping the control of any single person.

The Role of Technology

Undoing Domestication

From the 1880s to the 1920s, the debate had been raging as to the place of technology or technological progress (which back then were synonymous with industrialization) in a racially and culturally sound people. Left and right leaning groups argued, the Romanticism Left and Völkisch Right appealing to nature or tradition more or less interchangeably (a conundrum we touched upon, interchangeably, scientific materialist (marxists and socialists at large) considering industries and science as the symptom and sine qua non condition for social progress, against an old traditional society made inevitably unjust by its backwardness, while fascists of the Italian kind worshiped progress as a new vista of opportunities for human passions.

Several questions stand as obvious for any movement boasting of ecological leaning:

We need science to repair the Earth on a global scale, and apply geoengineering on a massive scale. What hope is there to live in space, or bring life to other planets if we can’t improve our own? Science and techniques will need a new different turn in their developments, under the State’s direction.

But avoiding the dependency on technology on an individual level is crucial to liberate our potential, a concern figuring heavily in how we conceive education. Without the need to improve upon pain of death, nothing will change. Artificial hardships must come back, forcing anyone regardless of age, to summon the strengths they possess deep inside. We must imagine a life in which whenever speed is not paramount (in military or strategic endeavors typically), power and high material power is earned through efforts, and devices made to prop up the natural strengths of the human body. As per the Butlerian Jihad, the human mind must not deteriorate through reliance on intelligent machines, also known as computers.

Frank Herbert, God-Emperor of Dune

Computers should amplify the mind, but using them to reduce efforts and stop working already led to complacency and feeble-mindedness. It applies to material technology too: for tasks not conducive to progress in their scope (such as individuals fetching fruits in the tree), to introduce high technology in them is disruptive and degenerative. We shall keep technology on as much as it expands the individual mind: no more clutch, no more mental calculation spared to the average folk, no more easy life.

A key notion, is that modern comfort as we usually mean it, has nothing to do with pleasantness. Having to run between two points, eventually taking a bit more time, does not degrade the quality of life but enhance it tremendously. In a great many number of cases, modern societies have become less economically speaking in fulfilling the same or equivalent tasks: social inertia has made those tasks a lot more complicated, and robust, smart (relatively) low-tech solutions to old problems. Nearly all problems societies know, have been around for a very long time already indeed, and needs have been met with for equally as long, as soon as possible. Otherwise, solutions evolve slowly.

On the contrary, new sudden problems seemingly requiring technological solutions are are almost always not resulting from social needs but as byproduct, side-effects of technology. The useless consumer society and hyper-industrialization have created cheap knock-out products of stupidly low quality, it brought us programmed obsolescence, an untold level of pollution absolutely unimaginable for previous generations, the near total loss of the whole Amazonian forest, and a bit closer to us, frequent traffic jams which see ever more powerful cars actually being slower than velocycles. While making everyone sick.

Adequate Technology Levels

We need adequate levels of technology to meet needs, and first and foremost address the social root of each issue by changing habits: less material needs (or less technological ways to go about them) make for less work, liberating (whenever the estimated all-around trade-off is a net positive) productive power for more important tasks. Our cavemen ancestors had few needs but extreme comfort, pleasure and fulfilling lives.

As we strayed away from nature, we created all the problems and neuroticism that successive social institutions and cultural innovations respectively try to solve.. Hence, technology, albeit unnatural as far as the normal process of evolution is concerned as it is (arguably) inherently not evil nor bad per se, it is the consequence of the biblicalFall, and the requirement to undo it is to recreate the Eden that Earth used to be. The most pressing step toward that is attaining total military supremacy to neutralize the enemies of our race and the planet as a whole. Then we will be free to live as pleases our inborn sense of aesthetics, either in spaceships, caverns or trees, or trees in spaceships. This position aligns with reactionary modernism: anything to ensure the strength of the Reich and betterment of human life in its vital qualities, as opposed to providing infinite comfort for the individual at the expense of their health, very soul and the survival of the natural world.

In the meanwhile, some precise guidelines can be issued:

And we are far, far more grateful to the scholars whose discoveries in astronomy and higher physics, in philology and archaeology, etc., have enabled a few of the better men to live more richly, more intensely, more harmoniously, by opening to them new and more astounding sources of inspiration, than we ever will be to those so-called “benefactors of mankind” whose main work has resulted merely in keeping alive billions of subhuman parasites, beings neither good or bad, nor even physically beautiful, who could as well have died and made place for others at the best of times, as the rest of the living do.
Savitri Devi

Industrial waste must be processed to remove toxicity and provide either energy to be used locally, raw materials to other activities, or become safe enough to be given back to the soil, feeding plants and animals. For this reason nuclear energy needs to be curtailed until nuclear waste has found a lasting solution not requiring constant human surveillance.

But most importantly the moral and economical issue with nuclear power is the very high technicity involved whichis not efficient: the lower the tech level the longer theinfrastructure tends to last, Roman roads,aqueducts and medieval houses being prime instances. Complex things, tend to break down faster, as they are subject to entropy: nature goes from higher to lower energy levels, this applies to human civilization and institutions as well. Heavier, sturdier materials, however expensive to build, create older cultures putting to shame anything modern aiming at doing similar things.

We should build with stones, create new pyramids made of earth brick composite carbon and stainless materials that will last for the millennia to come, invent mechanisms still functioning after centuries of non-maintenance. Houses warming or cooling using natural energies and isolation, mass heat storage, solid foundations still worthy of inhabiting when all the people who built it and their descendants will be long dead.

We must develop human (or animal) power using modern materials, and when not possible (or unpractical) seek to do away with any construction. We must learn to limit technology to the barest minimum compatible with a pleasant daily life, and learn to rely once again on human powers - one oneself and each other.

Into Space

the free play of the forces which, through reciprocal education, will produce a higher type, until finally the best portion of mankind will possess the earth and will be free to work in spheres which lie not only within, but without the limits of that earth. We all feel that in the distant future man may be faced with problems which can be solved only by a superior race of human beings, which is master over all the other peoples and has at its disposal the means and resources of the whole world.
Hitler, Mein Kampf

Lovecraft’s bestiary is full of such species which while highly intelligent or hyper-intelligent (encompassing the whole of human knowledge in a few weeks or less), do not rely on a tech level one would find fitting for such minds. Because they usually do not have to, save for the limited occasions of fighting with equally advanced races, in those cases fusion drives, directed-energy particle beams or mass destruction are par for the course. In stories, this peculiar situation often makes their home base overall fairly primitive (though highly practical and durable) for human eyes. I am not saying Neanderthals had a science akin to ours. But they did not have to face Star-Spawns either. And the lifespan of sapient humanity is fairly short compared to geological timescales, an unnoticeable instant.

Listen to me again, Trevize said. Just outside the Galaxy are the Magellanic Clouds, where no human ship has ever penetrated. Beyond that are other small galaxies, and not very far away is the giant Andromeda Galaxy, larger than our own. Beyond that are galaxies by the billions.
Hyperspatially, the Galaxy is a point—and so is all the Universe. We have not visited any other galaxy, and, as far as we know, no intelligent species from another galaxy has ever visited us—but that state of affairs may end someday. And if the invaders come, they are bound to find ways of turning some human beings against other human beings. We have so long had only ourselves to fight that we are used to such internecine quarrels. An invader that finds us divided against ourselves will dominate us all, or destroy us all. The only true defense is to produce Galaxia, which cannot be turned against itself and which can meet invaders with maximum power.
Isaac Asimov, Foundation and Earth

Obvious menaces truly deserving of cosmic dread do not require much stretch of the imagination: asteroids provide plenty, and many could wipe us out like the dinosaurs before, or set back civilization and the collective human history for ten thousands years, as it probably happened once.. Asteroids do come on a regular basis, maybe not today, nor in ten years, nor a century perhaps, but they do, and did. Derailing or disintegrating them from orbit is actually beyond our current capacity.

Even our ability to detect them, recently appeared more illusory than we thought. Only the entire resource of the species and planet, can have a hope to fight against the unknown, uncaring forces of outer space, or hope to muster the required energies without blowing ourselves up for good in the process.

The Andromeda Galaxy
The Andromeda Galaxy

We completely ignore most of the Universe, which is for all intent and purpose infinitely vast and infinitely old beyond our comprehension. What awaits us might be good, or bad, beneficent or malignant, and it does not need sentience to wipe out life on Earth as cosmic impacts nearly did several times.

We need new dreams, a new aspiration, a new age of exploration, which space, the untamed parts of the planet such as the bottomless pits of the ocean’s trenches or its yet 95% unexplored immensities, will provide. The world must become this mysterious, infinite place it used to be, upon which to sharpen the human spirit and push its limits ever further.


Finally, despite the need for a united government and an incredible concentration of human resources, as well as the furthering of science by all means possible, we strongly believe that mystery in life and culture should persist lest life become monotonous and culture degenerates.
Just as the pain of loss or risk of bad choices makes the value of trust. We do not want a perfect but bland paradise.

We need new forms of life and outlooks in line with the extended awareness and innate wisdom psychic abilities endow. We must strike a balance between maximum collective efficiency toward national goals, and the freedom needed for individuals to fulfill their own destiny. The only freedom society must destroy is that of undermining nature, human one or that of the environment. Cooking and racemixing must disappear from the face of the Earth.

When humanity will be completely free and subhumans (racial as well as ideological) no longer threatening its survival, we will be free to unlock our potential to the fullest and roam the planet. Free to explore life in subterranean cities, out in the Arctic wilderness, on flying zeppelins or jovian ring habitats, sheltered from economic concerns thanks to the post-scarcity civilization population control and automation will bring about, in this new Age for Mankind.


  1. On one extreme Venice derived its wealth from international business and private initiatives, while the Inca Empire, on the other hand, relied on agricultural production controlled and directed by central authorities, through governmental agents - deemed of an excellent moral standing and incorruptibility by the Conquistadors, fact worthy of mention - dispatched everywhere. If Gammal Abdel Nasser was an assumed socialist, Pinochet was very liberal, widely successful and inventing his own model of State, minarchism. ↩︎

  2. In Mao’s China, love was outright labeled as bourgeois and Lenin deemed erotic affection a loss of energy that should rather be spent in working. ↩︎

  3. The unavoidable concentration of capital is an historical inevitability apparent in our societies for a century already, effectively eliminating competition in most industry branches beside the most minute and superficial (often artistic) details, while the inner parts get produced by a limited few companies often owned by the same shareholders.
    In these integrated branches technically speaking the difference between capitalism and socialism all but disappeared:
    The only question that remains is, what are these fortunes invested for ? Tthe interest of the community, or the profit of a few ? Workers whose condition never improve, do not care if these fews hail from the entrepreneurial bourgeoisie, or the soviet nomenklatura.

    • This is Socialism - not such trifles as the private possession of the means of production. Of what importance is that if I range men firmly within a discipline they cannot escape ? Let them then own land or factories as much as they please. Decisive factor is that the State, through the party, is supreme over them, regardless whether they are owners or workers. All that, you see, is unessential. Our Socialism goes far deeper. It does not alter external conditions ; no, it establishes the relation of the individual to the State, the national community. It does this with the help of one party, or perhaps I should say of one order.

    I could not help remarking that this seemed a novel and harsh doctrine.

    • Quite true, Hitler replied, and not everyone was capable of understanding it.

    For this reason, he had felt it necessary to popularize his ideas by means of the diagram. Then doubtless he would not approve, I suggested, of the kind of state landlordship, or state ownership of the means of production, the dream of some of the most ardent social and economic workers of the party ? Hitler again registered impatience.

    • Why bother with such half-measures when I have far more important matters in hand, such as the people themselves ? he exclaimed. The masses always cling to extremes. After all, What is meant by nationalization, by socialization ? What has been changed by the fact that a factory is now owned by the State instead of by a Mr. Smith ? But once directors and employees alike have been subjected to a universal discipline, there will be a new order for which all expressions used hitherto will be quite inadequate.

    I replied that I was beginning to understand what new and tremendous perspectives this opened.

    • The day of individual happiness has passed, instead, we shall feel collective happiness. Can there be any greater happiness than a National meeting in which speakers and audience feel the happiness of sharing ? Only the early Christian communities could have felt it with equal intensity. They, too, sacrificed their personal happiness for the higher happiness of the community. If we feel and experience this great era thus, Hitler concluded, then we shall not be disturbed by details and individual failures. We shall know then that every road leads us forward, no matter how much it seems to go in another direction. And above all, we shall then maintain our passionate desire to revolutionize the world to an extent unparalleled in history. It gives us also a special, secret pleasure to see how the people about us are unaware of what is really happening to them. They gaze fascinated at one or two familiar superficialities, such as possessions and income and rank and other outworn conceptions. As long as these are kept intact, they are quite satisfied.
      But in the meantime they have entered a new relationship and a powerful social force has caught them up. They themselves are changed. What are ownership and income to that? Why do we need trouble to socialize banks and factories ? We socialize human beings.
    Rauschning, Hitler speaks
     ↩︎ ↩︎
  4. Trade has been thought as such for 1500 years under the guidance of the Catholic Church, though the idea is far older. I just mean this Institution did indeed hold considerable sway on cultural perceptions and not always for the worst, as its weakening led to the advent of materialism and the Industrial Revolution, and an untold suffering and dehumanization on a scale never seen before in Europe. ↩︎

  5. For the men of the Axis, the Universe is too vast and too diverse, the Nation is too small: it is necessary to divide the world into autonomous vital spaces, grouping peoples of the same race, of the same civilization, having complementary productions: and direct their enterprises according to plans periodically established by the public authorities for the improvement of the lot of the greatest number.
    To establish this, the good public imagines that the boss proceeds in the following way:

    He adds up:

    • The cost of raw materials to be processed
    • The wages
    • The consumption of the machines, their wear and tear and the interest on the money they cost him:
    • The selling expenses: transport. brokerage. discounts.
    • The general expenses: administration, rents, taxes. insurance etc.

    The total gives the cost price.
    He adds a certain percentage for his personal expenses, his profit and his risks.
    Then he divides the total by the number of units produced (of shoes, for example). And he writes the quotient on the object indicated. This is the selling price he will ask the buyer.
    This is how things should reasonably be; and it is quite certain that if this method were always observed, wages would never be compressed and there would be no social or economic crises.
    Unfortunately, in the system of competition which is the one of the neoliberal economy which governs us, one proceeds exactly in the opposite direction.

    The selling price is fixed first by the brokers on the national market, without any intervention of the producers, without any consideration of the cost price, by the simple law of supply and demand.
    If the buyers are the most numerous, the prices rise and all the elements of the cost price are easily covered. But if the sellers prevail, the producer is obliged to lower his selling prices, and if the fall is accentuated and prolonged, he is obliged to compress the elements of his cost price.
    Starting from the selling price. He then proceeds, not by addition, but by subtraction.

    From the total sum he has received from his customers, he deducts:

    • The cost of the raw materials he has purchased and whose invoices he cannot change;
    • The distribution costs: transport, brokerage,
      distribution costs: transport, brokerage, discounts, etc., over which he has no control,
    • The interest and amortization of the sums that he has devoted to the purchase of his machines and various installations:

    They represent expenses made a long time ago and on which he can no longer return;

    • The general expenses of the company: general administration
      The general expenses of the company: general administration, rent, taxes, insurance, which he can only slightly modify.
      In short, there are only two items that can be easily reduced:
    • The profits that he allocates to himself or that he shares with his shareholders (it is understandable that he does not willingly resign himself to reducing them, at least as far as he is concerned);
    • And finally the wages of his workers: he will therefore reduce the price of the hour worked. Then, if this is insufficient, the number of working hours (short-time working). And finally the number of workers employed (total unemployment).

    In short, in the so-called liberated economy based on the law of supply and demand, it is the selling price that determines the cost price, whereas in good logic it should be exactly the opposite.
    Since the New Reich abandoned gold payments [ - today the reliance on global finance and tacit convertibility in dollars- ] , it no longer had to take into account price fluctuations on the international markets when setting its domestic prices. It took advantage of this, as we have seen, to quickly raise wages by 20 percent.
    And since the worker could not (because of rationing) increase his consumption, he used this surplus to pay contributions (compulsory or voluntary) for social insurance, pensions, paid vacations, leisure, sports, etc.
    Thus was instituted in Germany what could be called the full wage, covering not only the vital needs of the worker but also the performance bonuses and all the risks of work (accidents, illness, old age, unemployment, leisure, etc.). All these charges were incorporated into the wage, which was itself introduced entirely by way of addition into the cost price, which was no longer compressible, since it was removed from international competition because of the abandonment of the rule of gold.

    For nine years, the Reichsbank, freed from the metal cover, has been able to increase or reduce the circulation of its banknotes at will: a dangerous privilege which, if left to the arbitrariness of power, could quickly lead to inflation and ruin. But the government of the New Reich has three manometers at its disposal to regulate its action, constantly adjusted by the services of the Conjecture:

    • The curve of the amount of bills issued by the Reichsbank;
    • The curve of the wages and salaries (consumption) established each week by the Ministry of Labor, and regularly completed by those of the global incomes of the country;
    • The curve of the cost of life

    If the cost of living increases, it is because the purchasing power of the public exceeds the quantities of the objects produced; by reducing the volume of bills in circulation, the volume of purchases decreases: prices tend to fall and the cost of living also decreases.

    If, as a result, the curve falls below the normal level, the Reichsbank increases the circulation of its banknotes; the purchasing power of the masses rises and the cost of living goes up. By a continuous game of trial and error, by a series of incestuous variations in both directions. The Reichsbank can thus adjust (indirectly) the whole of production to the whole of consumption. Thus, empirically, the Reichsmark has been given a constant value and a fixed ratio between wages and prices, which is the first condition for social peace.

    Francis Delaisi, La révolution européenne

    Despite the decades that passed since these events, this analysis of liberalism hasn’t aged significantly. Purchasing power (directly through wages or indirectly through inflation) massively suffers unfair competition from third-world countries like China. ↩︎

  6. Famous cover of the booklet named “der Untermensch”
    All this talk of genetic purity is long out of date, Jaggar, Gelbart said with a cruel little smile. Already many of the people are demanding that great masses of mutants be imported to perform the distasteful labor necessary to maintain a high civilization. Soon Heldon will realize that the best course is to breed mindless creatures, protoplasmic robots, if you will, in the manner of Zind. You are shouting in a whirlwind. The natural sloth of human beings is your implacable foe.
    Spinrad, The Iron Dream